A camera aboard Sentinel-2A, the ESA’s (European Space Station) polar-orbiting, multispectral high-resolution imaging mission launched in June of 2015 is part of a fleet of satellites monitoring our environment from 488 miles (786km) above the Earth. Designed to observe and map biophysical variables for land, water use and agriculture, onboard instrumentation can record some pretty amazing terrestrial events like leaf chlorophyll content, leaf water content, leaf area index and forest growth. In regions that contain large amounts of chlorophyll (essential for plant growth), healthy vegetation shows up as bright red. As expected Italy’s green heart is a healthy red.
The vivid scarlet hues as seen in this Sentinel 2-A image, taken of the Po Valley in Northern Italy and above Avezzano in central Italy, show that the fields of Italy are lush, verdant and red! Click on the following link for more of Sentinel 2-A’s view of the fields and lakes of Italy.