Savoring the end of a perfect Thanksgiving dinner with pumpkin pie and a cup of espresso? Take a moment to give thanks to the Pilgrim Fathers of espresso.
In 1935, Francesco Illy created the “illetta” the first automatic espresso machine in the northern Italian city of Trieste destined to revolutionize the coffee world. The “Plymouth of espresso”, Trieste faces the blue Adriatic and not unlike its Cape Cod counterpart is battered by the Bora, a powerful north-easterly wind most common in the winter.
Other pilgrims followed including Achilles Gaggia, who in 1946 invented the modern-day espresso machine using high pressure and a spring powered lever system. The first pump driven espresso machine was produced in 1960 by the Faema Company. Both the spring powered lever machine and the pump driven machines are still in use today.